Pregnancy

Donald Woods Winnicott (1896-1971)

Gilbert Keith Chesterton (1874-1936)

Chesterton’s Selected Works – Text only

An Anthology of the Thought of G. K. Chesterton

Other resources

  • First read Edgar Allan Poe’s A descent into the maelstrom (Text) and at the same time listen de the Video Part 1Part 2. (30 min). A few parts of the text are not read in the video: when you observe this, just stop the video, read the text not included then restart the video when it again coincides with the text.
  • Then see Marshall McLuhan uses of Poe’s “Descent into the Maelstrom” as a metaphor from which he observes and tries to understand our situation of being trapped in the whirlpool of the technologies of communication that surround us.

Biography

Works

Objective

Converse using academic concepts and criteria to evaluate the religious, intellectual and historical context that influenced upon the development of Martin Luther King´s mission and message as a Christian minister.

1. Historical context: abolition of slavery and the civil rights movement in the US

Background information that offers an understanding of the historical context in which the civil rights movement and Martin Luther King Jr. emerged.

  • United States and the Civil War – 1861 to 1865. Video (4:04 min).
  • Civil War Turning Point – 1863. Video (3:08 min).
  • Abraham Lincoln. Video (3:48 min).
  • The Emancipation Proclamation, 1863. Video (2 min). Text.
  • 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1865) Text.
  • Lincoln’s Most Pivotal Speech. Video (3:02)
  • After the Emancipation. Video (3.30 min).
  • The Failure of Reconstruction. Video (2:35 min).

2, Religious and Intellectual Formation

African-American religious roots and European-American intellectual traditions that influenced the development of King´s thought.

Additional resources

3. Montgomery bus boycott– 1955-56

The civil rights movement caught national and international attention, when the black community organized a yearlong bus boycott after a black woman was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white man in a segregated bus. It is in relation to this context that Martin Luther King Jr. emerged as a minister and civil rights leader.

4. Letter from Jail, Birmingham, 1963

On the 12th of April 1963, a week after organized demonstrations commenced, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested for violating Alabama’s law against mass public protests. The day of his arrest, eight Birmingham clergy members wrote a criticism of the campaign that was published in the Birmingham News, calling its direct action strategy “unwise and untimely” and appealing “to both our white and Negro citizenry to observe the principles of law and order and common sense”.

5, From Washington to Oslo, 1963 – 64

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom – Aug 28, 1963.

More than 200,000 demonstrators took part in the March which was successful in pressuring the administration of John F. Kennedy to initiate a strong federal civil rights bill in Congress.

 Assassination of John F. Kennedy: Friday, November 22, 1963.

Nobel Peace Prize – Oslo, Norway, Dec. 1964.

In 1959 the Quakers (American Friends Service Committee) arranged for King and his wife to visit India. In 1963, the Quakers gained permission from King to publish and distribute 50,000 copies of his letter from Birmingham City Jail.  That same year, the Quakers nominated King for the Nobel Peace Prize, an honor the international Friends organization had received in 1947.

Assassination of Malcolm X. February 21, 1965.

6. Position on Vietnam. New York City – April 4, 1967.

Less than two weeks after leading his first Vietnam demonstration, King made his best known and most comprehensive statement against the war. Within the context of religious objection to war, King spoke to over 3,000 people at Riverside Church. He pointed out that the war effort was ‘‘taking the black young men who had been crippled by our society and sending them eight thousand miles away to guarantee liberties in Southeast Asia which they had not found in southwest Georgia and East Harlem. King linked his anti-war and civil rights work in speeches throughout the country, where he described the three problems he saw plaguing the nation: racism, poverty, and the war in Vietnam.

  • Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence. Video (57 min.) Text.

7. The three Evils of our Society, Chicago – Aug. 8, 1967.

Eight months before his assassination, the National Conference for New Politics (NCNP) featured Martin Luther King, Jr. as the keynote speaker. Around 3,000 people, from hundreds of organizations with leftist ideologies, attended the conference. The goal was to unify political activists of all races who believed in civil rights and opposed the war in Vietnam. President Lyndon B. Johnson felt so threatened by the conference, he instructed the FBI to attempt to track the attendants’ movements and prevent any long-term plans of the NCNP. See the attached text.

8. Last Speech, Church of God in Memphis, Tennessee. April 3, 1968

Delivered on, during an evening rally at the in Memphis,. He had returned south to lead a peaceful march for sanitation workers. In the following text put attention upon the spiritual imagery, concepts, criteria and attitude that animates Martin Luther King´s speech.

  • I have been to the mountaintop: complete speech: text and video (43 min).

9. Assassination and Funeral-April 4, 1968

  • Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.. Video, part 1 (8 min), Video, part 2 (15 min)
  • Funeral of Dr. Martin Luther King. Video (3 min)
  • Mahalia Jackson sang his favorite hymn: Take My Hand, Precious Lord: Video & lyrics.
  • James Earl Ray and MLK? Questions? Video (8 min).
  • MLK Speech Winner. Video (7 min).

Assassinationof Robert F.Kennedy. Chicago. June 6, 1968.

 

English skills

This web site provides access to resources that will help students develop basic skills in the use of English in relation to their studies and interests.
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